Topic: The Covenant.
Text: Jeremiah 31:31-34; Hebrew 8:8-13.
1. To know the meaning of Covenant.
2. To understand the place of covenant in the relationship with God and man.
3. To understand the covenant that that is operational in our salvation.
4. To understand how we become partakers of the covenant and enjoy its benefits.
5. For believes to always live and operate within the new covenant.
Covenant can simply be defined by an agreement between two or more parties. In most cases covenants are made for the purpose of establishing a common ground (terms and conditions) that will lead to a lasting relationship between both parties. Here we looking covenant made between an eternal sovereign God and a mortal man to sustain the relationship between divinity and humanity.
From the time of creation God has shown himself to be a covenant God. After he created all things and put man in charge, he gave man condition he must meet in order their relationship to continue (Genesis 2:16-17) but man failed to uphold his side of the agreement and this brought a barrier in the relationship between God and the entire mankind. But God didn’t give up in His part instead he took steps in restoring the relationship with man. The Old Testament is majorly God approach in in view of restoring his fellowship with mankind. By this he made covenant with certain men ranging from Noah, to Abraham, to Israel and then to David but eventually man always fail in upholding their side of the covenant. God saw the weakness of men (Genesis 6:3; Isaiah 63:10; Psalm 78:36-41), and he established a new and everlasting covenant, one that will completely restore all the broken covenants that came before it. This new covenant was fulfilled by God’s son (Romans 10:4), Jesus Christ. He became a man fulfilled all requirement lacking in previous covenants and perfected the human side of the covenant between God and man (Romans 8:4) and sealed it with his blood(Luke 22:20).
The new covenant has perfect and sealed the relationship between God and man for all times and can never been broken therefore there is no other covenant anywhere by which any man can and will find favor and grace with God (1 Corinthians 3:11).
1. What do you understand by covenant?
B. why is covenant important in our dealing with God? Genesis 9:15; Ezekiel 16:20; Jeremiah 32:40.
Who are those that Gods his covenant? Psalm 25:14; Isaiah 55:3;
2. Differentiate between the old and new covenant.
Old Covenant New Covenant
1 Witten on stone 2 Corinthians 3:7 Written in hearts of men 2 Corinthians 3:3; Hebrew 8:10
2 Blood of animals Hebrew 9:18-19 Blood of Christ Hebrew 9:12
3 Does not clear conscience Heb 9:8-9 Makes perfect Hebrew 7:18-19
4 God found fault. Hebrew 8:7 Better covenant. Hebrew 8:6
5 Was a shadow Hebrew 9:24 True covenant. Hebrew 8:1-2
6 Priest had sin. Hebrew 7:27 Sinless high priest. Hebrew 7:26
7 Temporal 2 Corinthians 3:11 Remains forever Matt 24:35; 2 Cor 3:11
8 Temporal heirs. Psalm 105:11 Eternal inheritance. 1 peter 1:4
3. Explain Jesus as the mediator of the new covenant and what those that mean for us? Hebrew 8:6-13; Hebrew 9:15; 1 Peter 3:18.
4. What should be our approach to the new covenant? Hebrew 10:22; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Hebrew 4:16;
5. What are the benefits of upholding God’s covenant? Exodus 19:5; Titus 2:14; Malachi 3:17; Isaiah 43:1.
All of man’s dealing with God is tied to covenant. For our life to make meaning in God’s sight we must understand the principles of covenant, not just any covenant but we must identify with that one perfect covenant that has settled everything that pertain to God and man (New covenant through Jesus Christ). As long as we live in the knowledge and principles of the new convent we have access to all the promises and blessing that comes with it.
Memory Verse: Hebrew 8:10
“For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put My laws in their mind and write them on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.
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